EUROPEAN HUMANITIES STUDIES: State and Society <p>European Humanities Studies: State and Society / Europejskie Studia Humanistyczne: Państwo i Społeczeństwo” (EHS:SS) is a <em>peer-reviewed quarterly scientific journal</em> and<span class="tlid-translation translation" lang="en"><span class="" title=""> is aimed at both experienced scholars and educators as well as novice researchers and practitioners</span></span>. On its pages are published articles in the field of<em> social sciences and humanities</em>, primarily related disciplines such as pedagogy, psychology, sociology, philosophy, education, art, administration, management, etc.</p> <p>The <em>mission</em> of the journal is to be an effective publishing platform for contemporary researchers in the humanities and social practice, to facilitate the rapid and effective presentation of their experiences and discoveries.</p> <p>The journal has been published since 2012 on the initiative of the East European Institute of Psychology (Ukraine - France), as well as Polish universities: Cracow Academy named after Andrzej Frycz Modzhevsky (Poland) and the Pomeranian Academy in Slupsk (Poland). Today, the publication’s partners are the Polish Academy of Sciences (Kiev Representative Office) and the Fund them. Mikołaj Rey (Poland).</p> <p>The magazine is published quarterly, the electronic version of the current issue is published within 30 days after the publication of the printed version.</p> East European Institute of Psychology en-US EUROPEAN HUMANITIES STUDIES: State and Society 2413-9025 Study of vitality as a resource for providing students’ psychological safety <p>The article investigates the problem of studying the vitality according to domestic and foreign approaches. The concept of “vitality” and its components, peculiarities of vitality and stress interrelation are considered. The factors that cause stress in humans and the mechanisms of vitality that reduce the impact of stress factors on an individual, as well as characteristics of a student’s age being one of sensitive periods of their manifestation and development of vitality are shown. The author empirically investigates special features and components of vitality development of students-psychologists, who are in their 1-4 years of study at the university. The research involved 80 students from the University after Ushinsky. The following research methods were used: the vitality test by S. Maddy (adapted by D.O. Leontiev and O.I. Rasskazova), the method of life meaningful orientation by D.O. Leontiev, questionnaire “The idea of information and psychological safety” by T.O. Basanova. Spearman’s correlation method and U. Mann-Whitney’s test were used for statistical analysis. According to the results of the study, it was found that the level of the students’ vitality in their 1-4 years was average but a significant increase in indicators was found in those who were in their third year. Peculiarities of the students’ life awareness with different levels of vitality are revealed. Besides, the connections between the indicators of vitality and the components of life meaningful orientations of testees’ are presented. The level of information-and-psychological safety of students and its connection with vital indicators is investigated. That is, vitality as a resource stimulates the activity of students and can ensure their psychological safety in modern realities.</p> Olena HREK Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 4 18 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.01 Special features of designing a correction program for adolescents who have signs of psychosomatic disorders <p>The relevance of the research is related to the need for studying the character of psychosomatic disorders in adolescence, which is insufficiently investigated and requires more in-depth research, in particular designing a comprehensive program that includes a system of training exercises to overcome psychosomatic disorders. The problem of studying psychosomatic relationships is one of the most difficult problems of modern psychology and medicine, despite the fact that the close connection between mental and somatic has been studied for several centuries. Mental trauma is a leading cause of neuroses formation and progress, its pathogenic significance is determined by the complex interaction with many other factors being a result of an individual’s life, formation of his body and personality, especially in adolescence. The subject of the research is to study special features of psychosomatic disorders, as well as to design a program for adolescents with signs of neurotic disorders. The subject matter of the research is the peculiarities of psychosomatic disorders manifestation and neurotic signs in adolescence. The article presents a theoretical analysis of modern approaches in psychology to the study of psychosomatic disorders peculiarities, their classification, considering the signs of neurotic disorders in adolescence. The work analyzes age characteristics of psychosomatic disorders in adolescence. Modern adolescents are exposed to various stressors, to the impact of audiovisual information, school overload, extra classes, exams, and a special problem that is a change in quality of life and prevalence of alcoholism, smoking, drug addiction, especially drug addiction among adolescents. The complex of these factors has negative consequences both on a psychological and physical level. Most authors who study the causes of psychosomatic illnesses recognize the important role of parents in the development of mentally and physically healthy children. Many studies highlight the role of early mother-child relationships in the formation of psychosomatic pathology. Various violations of this relationship usually lead to abnormalities in a child’s development. (M. Mahler, E. T. Eidemiller, Yustitskis, D. Winnicott, M. Klein). The results of an empirical study aimed at identifying signs of psychosomatic disorders are considered. The following methods were used: observation, questionnaires, and such methods as diagnosis of neurotic disorders in adolescence (DND), diagnosis of the level of school anxiety by Phillips, “Non-existent animal” by M.Z. Drukarevich. The peculiarities of designing and testing the correction program, which is aimed at reducing the signs of neurotic manifestations in adolescence, are revealed. Objectives of the correction program are: searching for interaction of adolescents with society, finding and testing skills of effective response to external stimuli; increasing the level of self-esteem; removal of emotional tension; reducing anxiety. The results confirm the possibility of reducing the signs of neurotic manifestations of adolescents and help to delay or completely stop a possible personality disorder.</p> Iryna ROZINA Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 19 38 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.02 Diagnosis of cognitive dysfunction in the military with mental and behavioral disorders due to alcohol use associated with depression <p>Cognitive impairment, which in most cases are not considered by the doctor, and thus remain outside the scope of medical care, are characteristic for almost all patients with mental illness. Ignoring the manifestations of cognitive impairment is primarily due to the fact that the range of cognitive abilities has individual characteristics for each person and therefore their definition does not have clear criteria for evaluation. The article presents the traditional methods of psychodiagnostics studies for identifying cognitive disorders, depressive states, individual typological features in the military with mental and behavioral disorders due to alcohol consumption to improve the quality of diagnosis and further medical support for patients in this category. Typical symptoms in this group of patients were: sleep disturbances; low mood; unexpected attacks of anger, indignation, unreasonable fear; anxiety; irritability, autonomic disorders, depression. According to the informed consent, we used several standardized neuropsychological tests, which had high characteristics of validation and reliability, to study the individual psychological differences of patients, according to the literature [1,2]. Emotional disturbances were assessed before and after treatment using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) scale [10], which determined short-term and long-term memory in patients; auditory functions were studied according to the method of A.Luria; to conduct a clock drawing test, the subject was asked to draw a clock, the results of which indicated that the patient had clinically significant cognitive impairment; G. Eisenko's questionnaire was used to identify the main individual personality traits; Spielberger-Hanin questionnaire was used to assess the manifestations of reactive and personal anxiety [7]; the level of depression was determined by the Tsung scale. To objectively assess the pain response, dynamic recording of pupil diameter (pupillometry) was used to determine the human autonomic response [13] and a visual analog scale (VAS). According to the results of the study, it was found that in patients of both groups - 86 people (main and control) revealed up to 50% borderline cognitive impairment, which can be considered a reliable prognostic informative sign of the mental state of patients. Low anxiety on the Spielberger-Hanin scale has been reported in patients with depressive symptoms. All other screening diagnostic scales revealed borderline cognitive impairment in all patients. Thus, it has been proven that borderline cognitive impairment in patients with mental and behavioral disorders due to alcohol use interacts with depression, which significantly affects cognitive abilities. To eliminate cognitive impairment (CI), patients of both groups were offered a comprehensive traditional treatment with the additional use of the metabolic drug cytoflavin. Literature sources [8] confirm the expediency of using a complex metabolic neuroprotective drug, the action of which is directed at the synthesis of energy complexes through various receptor, enzymatic and mediator systems. According to the authors [8], cytoflavin can be attributed to metabolic drugs, which acts as an inducer of major metabolic pathways in cells, promotes the utilization of free oxygen and prevents ischemic changes in organs and tissues by reducing the level of peroxide processes. Complex therapy of treatment of borderline cognitive states with a course of cytoflavin is pathogenetically justified, which provided in our study an improvement in the psychological state of soldiers of both groups. <strong>Purpose</strong>: to study the dynamics of the validity and effectiveness of methods for assessing the cognitive status of patients with mental and behavioral disorders due to alcohol use associated with depression and carrying out a correction of cognitive dysfunction by additional administration of cytoflavin. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Based on a battery of diagnostic tests, accurate and adequately comparable indicators were obtained, which allowed to establish an objective picture of cognitive impairment, their correlation with depression, which significantly affected the outcome of treatment. Correction of cognitive dysfunction was performed by additional administration of cytoflavin 2 tablets 2 times a day PO for half an hour before meals.</p> Oleg FITKALO Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 39 54 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.03 Psychological state of different categories of the population of Ukraine in the conditions of a Coronavirus Pandemic <p>The article considers the psychological state of different categories of the population of Ukraine in the conditions of the coronavirus pandemic. Directly, the pandemic has led to the closure of enterprises in countries with a high percentage of patients, a sharp increase in demand for everyday products, speculation in the market of certain goods: antiviral drugs, sanitary masks, disinfectants. Quarantine has negative consequences for the economy, directly or indirectly affecting the shutdown of entire sectors of the economy or reduce their productivity. Economic ruin will result in tens of millions of people losing their jobs as trade and production simply cease. Trade, logistics and transport are the most powerful drivers of modern economic growth. Business is facing a scarce financial flow and a hitherto unknown supply crisis. The population loses income as a result of forced downtime and current solvency. Ukrainian and world medical systems are not ready for coronavirus treatment. For the scientific and medical world, the current experience of countering the Covid-19 outbreak will be extremely valuable. Isolation divides people into two types: some enjoy home comfort and free time, while others do not find a place and want to regain their freedom as soon as possible. But in the end, quarantine will negatively affect the psychological and physical health of both the first and the second, because we are social beings and long solitude has a devastating effect on us. An event of this magnitude can't but affect our psychological state: forced isolation, inability to do many familiar things and see live with friends and family, news of the growing number of infected and dead, fear for themselves and loved ones cause anxiety and tension even in those who does not feel it at other times.</p> Ivan SHYNKAR Hanna SNIOZYK Mariia SHYNKAR Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 55 69 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.04 Formation of social intelligence of future tactical officers <p>The article focuses on changing the social requirements for the system of military training of officers. It is proved that the training of highly qualified military specialists depends not only on their intellectual abilities, but also on the ability to establish and maintain contacts with people, correctly understand the emotions and information they transmit, which makes it especially important to form social intelligence. A thorough analysis of theoretical and practical scientific research of the concept of "social intelligence". In order to determine the level of social intelligence of future officers of the tactical level, a study of the initial level of social intelligence and clarified a number of conditions that in higher education institutions with specific learning conditions do not contribute to the harmonious development of social intelligence of future officers. It is proved that the methods of active training and education in the conditions of innovative approach to the organization of educational activity in a higher educational institution help to increase the efficiency of formation of social intelligence of future officers.</p> Andriy BABYCH Krystyna YANDOLA Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 71 82 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.05 Organizational and pedagogical aspects of optimization of education and upbringing of students with special needs in higher education institutions <p>The authors of the article emphasize the need to form an effective system of higher education that would meet national interests and global development trends, provide training, as well as equal rights and opportunities for all actors in the educational process, including people with special educational needs. After all, the main goal of inclusive higher education is not only to eliminate barriers to access of students with special educational needs to the development of their natural potential, but also to enable them to achieve maximum independence, competence, competitiveness as necessary qualities and prerequisites for effective self-realization. It is proved that the effectiveness of the process of optimization of education and upbringing of students with special needs in higher education institutions depends on a set of organizational and pedagogical aspects. The first organizational and pedagogical aspect is the formation of a high level of readiness of teachers to carry out activities aimed at optimizing the teaching and education of students with special needs in higher education institutions. The second aspect of optimizing the education and upbringing of students with special needs is the development and implementation of a program of full inclusion of people with special educational needs in the educational process of higher education institutions. It provides primarily semantic and methodological support of this process on the basis of a holistic system approach. The third aspect optimization of education and upbringing of students with special needs is the formation of the educational space of higher education institution tolerant to the inclusion of people with special educational needs. The fourth organizational and pedagogical aspect of optimizing the education and upbringing of students with special needs in higher education institutions is defined - pedagogical monitoring of the relevant process.</p> Iryna DANCHENKO Olena POGODA Iryna POLUBOYARYNA Valentyna TYURINA Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 83 97 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.06 The game technology use for the various fields’ specialists training <p>The article considers game learning technologies that can be used in higher education institutions. The expedient methods for training different specialists, like managers, teachers, lawyers are analyzed. There is paid attention to the training of critical infrastructure specialists who will apply their knowledge in rescuing people.</p> Oleksandra DATSKO Nataliia VYTRYKUSH Nadiia PARANYAK Anna ROMANIV Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 98 108 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.07 Synthetic speech prosody of digital assistents and their functions in the modern world <p>The article is devoted to the speech prosody analysis of digital assistants and their functions in the modern world. Peculiarities of their functioning in different spheres, in particular in educational, are considered and as well as tasks which they perform. Synthetic speech prosody is investigated on the example of voice assistants which speak in a female, male and genderless voice. Characteristics of melody (melodic scales and terminal tones), FF and intensity range, tempo and pause features, voice quality were taken into account. In the course of comparative study some identical and distinctive features of assistants’ speech were singled out. The results of the experiment demonstrate variability of prosodic parameters, used by digital assistants. Voice differentiation and different degrees of expressiveness depend on the sphere of application, users’ preferences and communication context.</p> Natalia ZADORIZHNA Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 109 119 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.08 Formation of ICT-competence of Philology students with the innovative teaching aids in the distance education <p>The article is devoted to the study of the processes of formation of ICT competence of students of philology with the help of innovative teaching aids in the conditions of distance education. The peculiarities of innovative teaching aids in the process of remote work are clarified, their influence on the formation of ICT competence of students-philologists is studied, the interrelation between the processes of using innovative teaching aids in educational practice and formation of ICT competence of future teachers is analyzed. The study conducted a survey among students on the effectiveness of distance learning, the features of the introduction of information and communication technologies in the educational process and the use of related innovative learning tools, as well as on improving skills and abilities to work with Internet resources, learning platforms. The use of innovative tools for the training of teachers of philology significantly deepens the effectiveness of teaching, creates a ground for the disclosure of their creative potential, teaches to create original educational content, to interact effectively with others.</p> Lyudmyla PIDKAMINNA Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 120 134 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.09 The transformation of methodological guidelines in a scientific research in the context of art education <p>The article examines the methodological guidelines in scientific research based on scientific reflection, their changes connected with the growth of science selfconsciousness and widening the forms of its reflection, the priority of axiological, anthropo and cultural centeredness in the educational and scientific environment, the transformation of the whole style of thinking based on the new paradigm of cognition, which is characterized by a general tendency for synthesis, interdisciplinarity, integrativeness, methodological pluralism. The new ideals of scientific knowledge as a combination of certain conceptual, value and methodological strategies, which form the basis of the new methodology of scientific knowledge acquisition in the context of artistic theory and practice are outlined.</p> Viktoriya TUSHEVA Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 135 148 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.10 Organization of university activities to prevent mental disorders in student youth during the pandemic <p>The article substantiates the urgency of the research problem, due to the need to develop new forms of organizing the activities of higher education institutions for the prevention and neutralization of mental disorders in students in a epidemiological situation. The purpose of the article is to reveal the features of the organization of universities to prevent mental disorders in student youth during the pandemic. The article identifies the causes and factors that cause mental disorders in students during a pandemic. Particular attention is paid to highlighting gaps in the organization of the educational process of the distance format in universities, which have contributed to the deterioration of students’ mental health. Methods of diagnostics of mental states arising under the influence of the quarantine and self-isolation. Anti-epidemic measures for psychological and social assistance of students are considered. As a result of the study, the directions and forms of the organizational activities of universities to prevent mental disorders and preserve the mental andemia of young people during a pandemic are determined.</p> Svitlana DIENIZHNA Margarita SOVA Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 150 165 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.11 Education as a factor in maintaining mental health: the experience of Ukrainian interwar emigration <p>The reasons and bases of actualization of professional training of youth in the conditions of emigration in the interwar period are found out. The formation and development of Ukrainian schooling as a basis for professional training of Ukrainians of the 1920s - 1930s in the Czechoslovak Republic and the preservation of their mental health are analyzed. It was emphasized that professional training was an integral part of the general cultural process among emigrants. It is revealed that the actualization of Ukrainian vocational training in the Western countries of the interwar period is a complex and multifaceted process that is closely related to the socio-economic and educational policy of the states that became a new homeland for Ukrainians, geography and compactness of their settlement, employment in various sectors. , the presence of professional intelligentsia in the diaspora, its national awareness, the state of religious life, etc.</p> Oksana DZHUS Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 166 178 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.12 Specifics of acculturation of foreign students <p>The article considers the specifics of acculturation of foreign students. It is stated that the characteristic features of older adolescence is a favorable factor for ensuring the successful acculturation of foreign students. It was determined that the successful adaptation of young people to new environmental conditions largely depends on the ethnic psychological characteristics of students and the type of relationships that prevail in their usual society. It is concluded that the successful adaptation of students is largely due not only to their individual psychological characteristics, but also to their socio-cultural background. It is concluded that modern universities have significant potential to ensure the successful acculturation of foreign students.</p> Liubov NAKONECHNA Copyright (c) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 3(II) 179 192 10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.3-2.13