Organizational and pedagogical aspects of optimization of education and upbringing of students with special needs in higher education institutions
The authors of the article emphasize the need to form an effective system of higher education that would meet national interests and global development trends, provide training, as well as equal rights and opportunities for all actors in the educational process, including people with special educational needs. After all, the main goal of inclusive higher education is not only to eliminate barriers to access of students with special educational needs to the development of their natural potential, but also to enable them to achieve maximum independence, competence, competitiveness as necessary qualities and prerequisites for effective self-realization. It is proved that the effectiveness of the process of optimization of education and upbringing of students with special needs in higher education institutions depends on a set of organizational and pedagogical aspects. The first organizational and pedagogical aspect is the formation of a high level of readiness of teachers to carry out activities aimed at optimizing the teaching and education of students with special needs in higher education institutions. The second aspect of optimizing the education and upbringing of students with special needs is the development and implementation of a program of full inclusion of people with special educational needs in the educational process of higher education institutions. It provides primarily semantic and methodological support of this process on the basis of a holistic system approach. The third aspect optimization of education and upbringing of students with special needs is the formation of the educational space of higher education institution tolerant to the inclusion of people with special educational needs. The fourth organizational and pedagogical aspect of optimizing the education and upbringing of students with special needs in higher education institutions is defined - pedagogical monitoring of the relevant process.
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