Haydegger and Sartr: I, the Other and People in the context of the problem of education

  • Oleksandr VOLKOV Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of the Department of Preschool Education and Social Work, Bogdan Khmelnytsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University, Melitopol, Ukraine
Keywords: Heidegger, Sartre, I, Other, People, relationships, education


The article compares the interpretation of the relationship between I, the Other and People in the existentialism of Heidegger and Sartre. For Heidegger, the Other is a henchman, an area that is determined by the execution of a case. Care that is pre-ontological and therefore impossible to consider. Orientation is the identification of relationships between places, which is why a person must maintain a distance. Its necessity is explained by the fact that I am on the premises of People. The impotence of the Self is due to the fact that it is impossible to determine what People are. As a result, each person seeks to be invisible, hide in the middle. Unlike Heidegger, Sartre explores the Self as an independent entity, which is in dialectic relations with Another. Therefore, it depends on the teacher as Another how I will be the pupil. The influence of Another is explained by a look that clarifies: who is who. That is why the teacher has the opportunity to shame the children. With it, a child has the opportunity to see his uniqueness and uniqueness, in other words, become a person.



Bondarenko V.V. (2020) Understanding “social education”: its necessary and heuristic significance. https:// scholar.google.com.ua/citations? user=ZceU19UAAAAJ &hl=uk [in Ukrainian].

Gorshkov E. A. & Butanina E. S. (2015) Psychological ideas of the philosophy of existentialism J.-P. Sartra. "Young scientist", 23(2), 67-69. Retrieved from: https:// moluch.ru/archive/103/24326/ [in Russian].

Luzina M.L. (2001) Ontological concept of education: traditions and prospects. "Letters in Emissia". Electronic scientific and pedagogical journal. http:// www.emissia.org/offline/2001/830.htm [in Russian].

Sartre J.-P. (2009) Being and nothing. The experience of phenomenological ontology. Per. with fr. V.I. Kolyadko. [in Russian].

Udovitska S.V. (2010) Education of the youthfulness of young children at the final year of schooling. Abstract 13.00.07. in Theory and methodology of viral education of dissertations to the health of the science level of the candidate of pedagogical sciences. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].

Heidegger M. (1997) Being and time. Translated by V.V. Bibikhin. M.: AD MARGINUM. [in Russian].

Heidegger M. (1988) A Letter on Humanism. The Problem of Man in Western Philosophy. M.: Progress. [in Russian].

Abstract views: 68
PDF Downloads: 47
How to Cite
VOLKOV, O. (2020). Haydegger and Sartr: I, the Other and People in the context of the problem of education. EUROPEAN HUMANITIES STUDIES: State and Society, 22(2), 4-14. https://doi.org/10.38014/ehs-ss.2020.2.01